In the current educational environment, it is both timely and appropriate to investigate if there is a difference in learning online compared to learning in person. Moreover, it is important to understand the effect such differences have on students taking in-person classes when compared to those who choose to take asynchronous online classes when in-person class alternatives are available. Our analysis of data collected from students in each type of course at three time periods reveals significant differences in the students’ technical efficacy, level of frustration, and locus of control, among others, which help to explain, (in this case, explain better than their GPA) their performance in each course format.



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