Date of Award

Fall 12-15-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (BS)




College of Science

First Advisor

Drew Budner


Honey acts as a valuable food source for both animals and humans. When found in contaminated environments, there is an increased likelihood that honey samples will have high metal concentrations. It has been discovered that honey concentrations in metals can be different based on location. This experiment aims to determine the amount of two valuable metals, zinc, and iron, in various honey sources. These metals can be important to the human body because they help boost immunity and allow the body to carry out the functions required for survival. However, if these elements are present in copious quantities, then it can lead to future health complications. These two metals are also prevalent in the environment and would be transferred into honey. By using an atomic absorption spectrometer, the amount of both zinc and iron can be determined from various honey sources. The concentrations of these metals in honey can be used to confirm safety but also it provides an indicator of locations which can help authenticate honey origins.