This paper looks at how Masanobu Fukuoka adopts Chan Buddhist philosophy in relation to his Zen natural farming method. To understand this, it examines the development in Chinese Buddhism that allowed and required Buddhist to farm, defining farming as Buddhist practice.The paper is organized as follows: I. Seeds in the Mahāyāna; II. Roots in Chan monastic regulations; III. Farming satori, Fukuoka’s writing on awakening.
Green, Ronald S. "Farming Satori: Zen and the Naturalist Farmer Fukuoka Masanobu." American Academy of Religion Conference. 24 Nov. 2013. Baltimore, Maryland. Presentation.