Matt Evans

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Contrasting theories have been developed in contemporary political science literature exploring the significance of international boundaries. A number of journal articles, citing increased cross-border economic and cultural ties, due in large part to globalisation, have advanced the concept of deterritorialization, positing diminishing importance of Westphalian concepts of borders between nations. By contrast, other work in this field suggests a trend toward reterritorialization since the end of the Cold War, with the emergence of many new independent countries and drawing of new international borders. This paper examines theories of borders and sovereignty in international relations and political geography in the context of Israel's withdrawal from the Gaza Strip. Study of the reestablished boundary between Israel and Gaza contributes to discussion of the impact of borders in terms of demography, conflict and identity. The paper also discusses the extent to which theories of international borders are applicable in this and other conflict zones.

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