Date of Award

Fall 12-6-2022

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)


Elementary Education


College of Education

First Advisor

Catherine Scott


This paper presents a method for teaching energy concepts to children to children. By implementing modeling and the predict-observe-explain method, teachers can greatly improve critical thinking skills and abstract conception capacity in young students. The main focus of this lesson is based on the disciplinary core idea of Energy, and specifically on 4-PS3-1: Use evidence to construct an explanation relating the speed of an object to the energy of that object (NGSS Lead States, 2012). Aligned with the Next Generation Science Standard 4.PS3.1, the lesson gives examples of activities and tips on how teachers can teach students to explain how energy and speed are related, as well as introduces students to a basic understanding of kinetic and potential energy (NGSS Core Idea PS3.A, Definitions of Energy) (NGSS Lead States, 2012). The resources used in this paper are derived from the Framework for K–12 Science Education from the National Science Teaching Association, as well as from the Next Generation Science Standards.

Available for download on Thursday, May 30, 2024