Date of Award

Spring 1976

Document Type

Legacy Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)




College of Humanities and Fine Arts

First Advisor

James Branham


The history of early South Carolina can be broken into five sections. In the first section, the geology of the area is discussed. The Coastal plain is an area that starts at the fall line and extends to the continental shelf. Also discussed are Coastal features such as barrier islands and bar hills. Next, the Indian tribes that inhabited the area are reviewed. Each tribe is outlined in some detail with the exception of the very early tribes. In the next section, the history of the unsuccessful effort by the Spanish to establish a colony at Hilton Head is discussed. This failure can be attributed to the lack of ability on the part of the Spanish to cope with the difficult conditions which they encountered. The French were the next to try to colonize the area, but they also failed due to lack of support from the mother country and also their inability to cope with the conditions. Finally, the English invaded the area. Because of adequate financial support from the Proprietors, the settlers were able to establish a colony at Charlestown, which they governed with varying degrees of success until 1719. The next government was the royal government that lasted until 1776.