Crawford, Eric (Interviewer)
Interview by Eric Crawford with Gardenia Simmons-White, a 1952 graduate of the Penn School, who was present when Courtney Siceloff was at Penn. The recording begins in the midst of Gardenia Simmons-White remembering the chapel and vespers services in Frissell Hall. She discusses the traditions at Penn, and spirituals sung frequently by the Penn School Quartet and others. Simmons-White tells that while certain collections of Penn School are in English, some of the older transcriptions are in the Gullah dialect.
Spirituals (Songs)--Sea Islands;Hymns--South Carolina--Saint Helena Island;Sacred vocal music--Sea Islands;Gullahs--South Carolina--Saint Helena Island--Religion;Gullahs--South Carolina--Saint Helena Island--Interviews;Sea Islands--Religious life and customs;Saint Helena Island (S.C.)--Religious life and customs;Saint Helena Island (S.C.)--History;African American churches--South Carolina;Penn Center of the Sea Islands;Penn School (Saint Helena Island, S.C.);Simmons-White, Gardenia, 1934-;Penn Center of the Sea Islands
This interview is protected by the copyright of the interviewee and The Athenaeum Press at Coastal Carolina University. Any form of alteration, reproduction or commercial use of the interviews or other material is prohibited without the written consent of both the interviewee and a representative of The Athenaeum Press. Citations for scholarly purposes must clearly acknowledge the name of the interviewee, the date and The Athenaeum Press at Coastal Carolina University.
Simmons-White, Gardenia, "Gardenia Simmons-White" (2009). Eric Crawford Oral Histories, 2007-2010. 6.