First Advisor

Emma Howes


During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the Appalachian region was not only exploited for capitalistic gains, but also put on display by outsider voices for being home to a supposed "backwards" and "barbaric" culture. Appalachians experienced exploitation working in mines and other industries that only benefitted those receiving the resources of the mountains. A once self-sustaining, individualized culture was now forced to be dependent and suffer through the "otherization" of its own people. Voices hidden in the murky skies and distant mountains of Appalachia were not only silenced, but more hauntingly, they were spoken for, manipulated, and marginalized. One example of such devastating manipulations of voice lies in the insider voices of Appalachian women and the voices outside of the region that spoke for these women in text. Throughout the research I am presenting here, I will begin to reclaim the stolen, replaced, and marginalized voices of Appalachian women not only in hopes to repair the injustices done to this population some years ago, but also to set an example of how to carry out just research in modern studies of the region.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.