James Gourdine Interview
Crawford, Eric (Interviewer);Richards-Greaves, Gillian (Interviewer)
In this 2016 interview, Dr. Eric Crawford, Coastal Carolina University faculty researcher, interviews James Raymond Gourdine, a genealogist, historian, and author of "African Americans in the Civil War in South Carolina". Gourdine details how Major General David Hunter unofficially organized the first black regiment in the Union army in 1862, despite President Lincoln's objections. This force consisted of freedmen and runaway slaves from South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. They also discuss how education levels varied amongst the slaves held in Florida and South Carolina, leading to the Floridian freedmen to be considered of "better stock". In 1863, the rest of the Union followed suit, raising several exclusively African-American regiments of their own, following in Hunter's example. Gourdine and Crawford discuss General Potter, who followed in Sherman's March to the Sea, burning and looting Confederate land and homes. He then describes the creation of the 54th Massachusetts regiment by General Andrews and the taking of Georgetown in February 1865. James Gourdine was interviewed in his home outside of Florence, South Carolina.
Gullahs--South Carolina--Sandy Island--Interviews;African American soldiers--History--19th century;United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--African Americans;Freedmen--United States--1860-1870;Gourdine, James;Sandy Island (S.C.)
Civil War, African-American soldiers, Major General David Hunter, freedmen in the Civil War, Inequality in the military, pensions for African-American soldiers, General David Hunter, General Edward Elmer Potter
This interview is protected by the copyright of the interviewee and The Athenaeum Press at Coastal Carolina University. Any form of alteration, reproduction or commercial use of the interviews or other material is prohibited without the written consent of both the interviewee and a representative of The Athenaeum Press. Citations for scholarly purposes must clearly acknowledge the name of the interviewee, the date and The Athenaeum Press at Coastal Carolina University.
Gourdine, James and The Athenaeum Press, "James Gourdine Interview" (2016). At Low Tide Oral Histories. 20.